Oncology is a branch of science dealing with tumors. Onkos swelling, logos means science. Oncology is a combination of these two words. Tumors are divided into two groups as good and malignant. Oncology covers the diagnosis and treatment of all tumors and all developments in these subjects. Oncology, especially20. After the second half of the century, it has begun to progress rapidly. Many studies have been carried out to provide an early diagnosis of various types of cancers and new techniques have been developed. Computed tomography, ultrasound, nuclear magnetic resonance technique are just a few of them. Numerous studies have been carried out in the field of cancer treatment.
Oncology has become an important science because of the fact that cancer is one of the causes of death. Oncology specialists are called oncologists.
Plan the Treatment
The main types of treatment are surgical intervention, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. For some cancers, all three treatments can be used. Sometimes no treatment may be appropriate. Your doctor may advise you to keep patience and follow- up.
As planned in your treatment, your specialist takes into consideration the stage of the disease and your general health. This is called ‘notation’. Knowing at what stage the disease is going to help to get an idea of the development and which treatment is applied.
If surgical intervention, radiotherapy or chemotherapy is recommended, you will be asked for a permit to consent to the treatment in question.
This is intended to eliminate or stop the development of cancer as much as possible. You’ll probably want to talk to your doctor about exactly what will happen and you can get advice from the experts in the hospitals you are dealing with.
Radiotherapy uses high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells. There is usually no need to stay in a hospital for this treatment, but it is enough to go regularly. The arrival times may vary depending on how much you will cure.
Treatment is painless but may have side effects. It can give some people a feeling of fatigue and bloat and may cause some skin reactions such as sunburn. Many side effects can be eliminated by the end of treatment, but rarely, it can be repeated and prolonged.
Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses powerful drugs that destroy cancer cells. Drugs are usually given by injection or dropper. This treatment sometimes requires hospitalization.
Chemotherapy also has side effects because medications can damage healthy cells. Hair loss, fatigue, a feeling of sickness, vomiting and weakness in the immune system may occur. The sexual life of people can also be affected. Of course, all patients may have different reactions and not all of them.
Another treatment hormone therapy, bone marrow transplantation, and peripheral blood stem cell transplant.
Palliative care is focused on the quality of life for you and your family. Controlling pain and other symptoms aim to meet your social, emotional and spiritual needs.
Palliative care is especially important for inoperable diseases but can be applied to all cancer patients. Some people need Palliative care support specialists who can be provided by health professionals working in hospitals or associations.
Long-Term Monitoring and Support
If the cancer responds well to the treatment, the doctors will probably ask you to come back to the hospital for regular checks.